Senate terms

This was due, in part, to constitutional fatigue stemming from the extensive negotiations that led to the modernization of the Constitution in 1982.It is important to underscore, however, that these two constitutional packages were rejected for a number of different reasons, not strictly because of their Senate reform components.Unlimited two-year terms: Senate: Unlimited six-year terms: Supreme Court.Prime Minister Stephen Harper has been an advocate of Senate reform since his days as a young Reform party MP.

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But Saskatchewan Premier Brad Wall — who also supports abolition — was as defeated as Harper.Prime Minister Mulroney did, however, use his discretionary powers to appoint Stan Waters to the Senate in 1990.Finally, while limiting the Senate to a suspensive veto in most cases, the Accord would have made the Senate relatively effective in a number of ways.

Following the extensive and failed constitutional negotiations of the late 1980s and early 1990s, the issue of Senate reform receded from the public agenda.Highlights of the Senate reform proposals advanced under the Charlottetown Accord are as follows.Canadian Department of Intergovernmental Affairs: The Charlottetown Accord (Unofficial text).The first of these issues centred on the unelected nature of the Senate and the length of terms for Senators, who could serve until the age of 75.Selection of Members: Federal and provincial governments would both have been entitled to select members of the new Upper House, with the federal government appointing one-half of the members, and individual provinces appointing the remainder.Whereas the House of Federation and Council-type models focused simply on giving the provinces a greater voice in the Upper House, the Triple-E movement emphasized the need to bring democratic legitimacy to the Senate, in addition to creating greater equality in provincial representation.Arkansas extended its term limits from six years in the House and eight years in the Senate to a 16.Suspensive Veto for Ordinary Legislation: The new Senate would have enjoyed a suspensive veto over ordinary legislation.

Read the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, 1774-2005 ( online version ).Senate Republican leaders released their bill to repeal the Affordable Care Act, even as enough senators to block it declared their opposition.Hence, according to the Conservative government, there would be no need to formally change the Constitution, nor seek provincial consent, in order to implement this type of Senate reform.Defined Term is a resource of legal, industry-specific, and uncommon defined terms to help lawyers draft more clearly, concisely, and accurately.During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the federal government, helmed by Progressive Conservative Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, reopened the issue of constitutional reform in an effort to bring the province of Quebec into the constitutional fold (Quebec had officially rejected the constitutional changes of the early 1980s).Take a look at these Virtual Reference Desk subjects and other links for more information.This would, in turn, require entering into negotiations with the provinces, as well as raising the possibility of opening other divisive constitutional issues.

This is particularly clear in the Triple-E Senate movement, as well as reforms proposed under the Charlottetown Accord and by the Conservative government in 2006.The preceding sections provided an overview of Senate reform proposals between the 1970s and 2007.Elected: The Senate should be more democratic with members directly elected by citizens, rather than being appointed by the federal government.Ontario and Quebec would remain at 24 seats each, while the number of seats in the Atlantic region would have been increased from 30 to 32 (with Newfoundland receiving both of the new seats).

This includes changes to the executive government of Canada, the Senate, and the House of Commons (excluding those sorts of changes covered under the other two amending formulas).

What does Senate mean? definition, meaning and

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Beginning in the 1980s, however, other issues entered the debate, including democratic legitimacy and provincial equality.For such constitutional changes to be approved, they must be consented to by the Governor General, the House of Commons, the Senate, and all provincial legislatures.Senate Republicans have pretty much no room for error as they try to rush through a health care bill in the next week.

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Moreover, the notion of a Triple-E Senate received little support from the Liberal federal government in the early 1980s (although, the subsequent Progressive Conservative government was much more open to the idea).Search the print archives This copy is for your personal non-commercial use only.

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The House of Commons would have selected federal members, while individual provincial legislatures would have selected their provincial representatives.It is also important to note that some of these council-type proposals advocated greater legislative powers for the Upper House than those proposed under the House of the Federation model.Biographies of Selected Senators written by the Senate Historical Office.

More radical reform like abolition can be done only with the unanimous consent of Parliament — which includes the Senate itself — and all provinces, a prospect that Harper says renders it impossible.Moreover, members would not vote as individuals in the new House, but as part of a provincial delegation empowered to cast only a single bloc vote.Effective: The Senate should have effective legislative powers, which it could use to play a greater role in the federal legislative process.House: Senate: Larger (435 members) Smaller (100 members) Shorter term (2 years) Longer terms (6 years) More restraints (rules) Fewer restraints (rules).

Please contact us or see our privacy policy for more information.In response, the Conservative government said it is dropping Senate reform and ruled out a referendum to build public support to bring reluctant premiers onside as one of its own cabinet ministers, Maxime Bernier, and NDP Leader Tom Mulcair — who both advocate abolition — publicly urged Friday.

During senatorial elections, voters would select representatives from a list of candidates, and have as many votes as there were seats to be filled.While the 1970s saw heightened attention to Senate reform, and a swath of reform proposals, no significant changes were made to the Senate during this period.The Harper government suggested its reforms would not require formal changes to the Constitution, or, in the worse case, would only trigger the last of these constitutional amending formulas.Term limits in the United States apply to many offices at both the federal and state level,.Again, it is important to highlight some important themes in this period of Senate reform proposals.Each territory would continue to have only one seat in the new House.

It was intended to represent regional interests and to act as a legislative check on the executive.Look up brief biographies of Senators from 1774 to the present in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.The 1985 recommendations of the Alberta Select Special Committee also became the official position of the Government of Alberta (a position it re-endorsed in 2003).

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While the issue of Senate reform was formally reopened in the 1990s, no changes were made to the Senate during this period.There are no restrictions on the number of times a senator may be re-elected.Approval of the new House would have also been required for senior government appointments (such as appointments to the Supreme Court of Canada, Crown Corporations, and key regulatory bodies).

Legislative Term Limits: An Overview