Anatomical directional terms

The leg (between the knee and the ankle) is the crus and crural area, the lateral aspect of the leg is the peroneal area, and the calf is the sura and sural region.The skeletal muscles of the body typically come in seven different general shapes.

For example, an extension of the lower arm is performed by the triceps as the agonist and the biceps as the antagonist (which contraction will perform flexion over the same joint).For example, the Lotus position posture in yoga requires the legs to be externally rotated.This figure shows the human body with the major muscle groups labeled.Terms for body parts and areas. a. Anterior. b. Posterior. Levels of.The back as a general area is the dorsum or dorsal area, and the lower back is the lumbus or lumbar region.

The three anatomical planes of the body: the sagittal, transverse (or horizontal), frontal planes.The upper left square is the left hypochondriac region and contains the base of the left ribs.

Anatomical directional terms and body planes describe the locations of structures in relation to other structures or locations in the body.Because the contracting fibers are pulling at an angle to the overall action of the muscle, the change in length is smaller, but this same orientation allows for more fibers (thus more force) in a muscle of a given size.The central right region is called the right lumbar region and contains the ascending colon and the right edge of the small intestines.Muscles that work together to perform the same action are called synergists.As its name implies, it contains organs lying more posterior in the body.

Anatomical Directional Terms You Should Know | Equation

Further information: International scientific vocabulary and Medical terminology.

Medical Definition of Anatomic orientation terms - MedicineNet

Knowing these terms will make it much easier for us to understand the content of the following learning units.It involves both development anatomy ( embryology ) and the anatomy of the adult.The healthcare industry has its own terminology, especially anatomy and physiology.

Directional Terms Handout - GCISD

Anatomical Terms Worksheet - GCC

A quick start on anatomical directions ยท john hawks weblog

The current international standard for human anatomical terminology is based on the Terminologia Anatomica (TA).

The terms can be divided into positional terms and descriptive terms.Many structures vary slightly between people, for example muscles that attach in slightly different places.Anterior or ventral - front (example, the kneecap is located on the anterior side of the leg).

The sagittal plane is the plane that divides the body or an organ vertically into right and left sides.It also includes comparative anatomy between different species.Anatomical terminology uses many unique terms, suffixes, and prefixes deriving from Ancient Greek and Latin.The upper right square is the right hypochondriac region and contains the base of the right ribs.The cavities, or spaces, of the body contain the internal organs, or viscera.